How did the church respond to the challenge of the Enlightenment?

How did the church respond to the Enlightenment?

The Enlightenment quest to promote reason as the basis for legitimacy and progress found little to praise in the Church. While the philosophes appreciated the value of religion in promoting moral and social order, the Church itself was condemned for its power and influence.

How did the Enlightenment challenge the Catholic Church?

Enlightenment thinkers further undermined the authority of the Catholic Church by arguing that religion wasn’t the only path to God. Although several Enlightenment thinkers were atheists, most others practiced some form of natural religion or agnosticism.

What role did the church play in the Enlightenment period?

The Enlightenment had a profound effect on religion. Many Christians found the enlightened view of the world consistent with Christian beliefs, and used this rational thinking as support for the existence and benevolence of God.

What did the church believe during the Enlightenment?

They believed in established churches that fostered public virtue through moral instruction and official ritual without coercing dissenters. Like their secular counterparts, they were eager to put in place their reforming ideas through the power of enlightened monarchs.

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Did the Church support the scientific revolution?

In ancient times, the Church supported medical research as an aid to Christian charity. The Church supported the development of modern science and scientific research by founding some of Europe’s first universities in the Middle Ages.

How did the scientific revolution challenge the Church?

Church officials feared that as people began to believe scientific ideas, then people would start to question the Church, making people doubt key elements of the faith. Church officials feared that scientific ideas would threaten the powerful influence of the Church.

How did Enlightenment theories challenge the government and the church?

Enlightenment thinkers sought to curtail the political power of organized religion, and thereby prevent another age of intolerant religious war. The radical Enlightenment promoted the concept of separating church and state.

Which thought of the Enlightenment age did help to separate between church and state?

The radical Enlightenment promoted the concept of separating church and state, an idea often credited to Locke.